First Principles of Instruction

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First Principles of Instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development. 50(3), 43-59.

Merrill, M. D (2006) A pebble-in-the-pond model for instructional design. Performance Improvement Journal 41(7), 41-46.

Download Merrill (2009)

Merrill, M. D. (2009). First Principles of Instruction. In C. M. Reigeluth & A. Carr (Eds.), Instructional Design Theories and Models: Building a Common Knowledge Base (Vol. III). New York: Routledge Publishers.

Merrill, M. D. (2006). Hypothesized performance on complex tasks as a function of scaled instructional strategies. In J. Elen & R. E. Clark (Eds.), Handling Complexity in Learning Environments: Theory and Research (pp. 265-281). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Merrill, M. D. (2007a). First principles of instruction: a synthesis. In R. A. Reiser & J. V. Dempsey (Eds.), Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology, 2nd Edition (Vol. 2, pp. 62-71). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Merrill, M. D. (2007b). A task-centered instructional strategy. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 40(1), 33-50.

Merrill, M. D., & Gilbert, C. G. (2008). Effective peer interaction in a problem-centered instructional strategy. Distance Education, 29(2), 199-207.

Merrill, M. D. (2009). Finding e3 (effective, efficient and engaging) Instruction. Educational Technology, 49(3), 15-26.

Application of First Principles

Thompson_Inc. (2002). Thompson job impact study: the next generation of learning. NETG

A., Buhanan, C. W., Suhaka, M., Mills, G., Gibson, G. V., & Merrill, M. D. (2006). A task-centered approach to entrepreneurship. TechTrends, 50(4), 84-89.

Francom, G., Wolfersberger, M., & Merrill, M. D. (2009a). Biology 100: A Task-Centered, Peer-Interactive Redesign. TechTrends, 53(3), 35-100.

Francom, G., Bybee, D., Wolfersberger, M., Mendenhall, A., & Merrill, M. D. (2009b). A Task-Centered Approach to Freshman-Level General Biology. Bioscene, Journal of College Biology Teaching, 35(1), 66-73.

Frick, T., Chadha, R., Watson, C., & Wang, Y. (2010). Theory-based evaluation of instruction: implications for improving student success in postsecondary education. In M. Orey, S. A. Jones, & R M. Branch (Eds.), Educational media and technology yearbook. 35, 57-78). New York: Springer.

Frick, T., Chadha, R., Watson, C., Green, P., & Zlatkovska, E. (2008). Improving course evaluations to improve teaching in higher education. Paper presented at the AECT.

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